Liquid cargo terminal



The projected cargo turnover of petrochemicals, liquid chemicals, and liquid gas is estimated at 5 600 thousand tons per year. The delivery of imported cargo is done by sea transport. Outgoing delivery of cargo is done by both sea and automotive transport.

The terminal reckons for reception, storage, and shipment of easily flammable and combustive petrochemicals.

As the estimated maximum capacity vessels we used tankers with 50.0 — 100.0 thousand tons deadweight which can be served in shallow waters with draught less than 11.0 meters.

Liquid cargo terminal is situated alongside the northern shore of the straight.

Storage facilities are situated on the mainland area covering 71.78 hectares.

The complex includes:

  • Cargo pier 480 meters long with the depth near the border being 16.5 meters suitable to serve tankers with deadweight under 100 000 thousand tons;
  • Reservoir facility with 500 thousand tons capacity;
  • Tank truck filling station for 10 vehicles;
  • An area for emergency petrochemical spillage removal;
  • Firefighting system for the terminal;
  • Fire reservoirs;
  • Treatment facilities;
  • Engineering facilities. Transport communications and utility systems for onshore terminal structures.

All freight work, accounting for the delivery method and shipment of cargo by filling, is done using the following technological schemes:

  • Vessel’s cargo reservoir — ship cargo pumps — pier — block valve station — storage reservoir;
  • Storage reservoir — pumping station — block valve station — tank truck filling station — tank truck.

The transportation of petrochemicals is conducted by specialized tank vessels and tank trucks with capacity under 32 cubic meters with internal protective coating compliant with the requirements of antistatic safety.

Transshipment of petrochemicals is done by a closed method. To connect cargo nozzles of tankers and terminal pipelines, automatic hose stands are used. Filling tank trucks is done on overpasses using a system of collectors and hoseless filling equipment such as articulated pipes and telescopic marine loading arms.

The development of the pier to accommodate tankers with capacity between 5.0 and 36.0 thousand tons envisions a system of  dolphins and a technological platform connected by pedestrian bridges and with the shoreline by an overpass.

Monitoring of petrochemical volumes on the pier is done with ultrasonic flow meters that provide mensuration, identification, and archiving of flow and volume of petrochemicals during both constant and alternating flow. The mensuration is conducted using ultrasonic sensors without opening pipes. The sensor is equipped with programmable current output and serial interface.

The pier is equipped with power supply, communication, firefighting and lightning protection systems.

Reservoir facility used to receive, store, and ship petrochemicals is estimated at 300 000 cubic meters with units’ capacities of 5 000 and 10 000 cubic meters including (by cargo type):

  • For heavy oil — 40 000 cubic meters (4 x 10000);
  • For diesel fuel — 30 000 cubic meters (3 x 10000);
  • For petroleum — 20 000 cubic meters (4 х 5000);
  • For kerosene — 10 000 cubic meters (2 х 5000);
  • For liquid gas — 200 000 cubic meters.

For petroleum storage vertical steel reservoirs with stationary roof and pontoon are used; for diesel fuel, heavy oil, and kerosene — reservoirs with stationary roof and without a pontoon. Quality control for petrochemicals is conducted in a laboratory located in the service area of the facility. The laboratory consists of the following rooms: weight room, rooms for chemical analysis, washing room, chemical storage room, sample storage, and others.

The choice of pumping equipment is based on the premise of filling railroad tank cars within two hours.

The throughput for heavy oil is 1000 m3/h, light petrochemicals — 1300 m3/h. Such requirements correlate with pumps with performance 500-6— m3/h, pressure — 60-70 m, and engine power — 200 kW. The brand of the pump is specified by representatives of the manufacturing factory.

The scheme accounts for six main pumps and two backups.

Operations are conducted by the pump station. It is projected as an open type facility on a concrete platform under a shed. A stationary overhead crane is used to conduct installations and dismantling tasks.

Draining reservoir is used to collect spillage and drain the equipment during repairs.

Technological pipelines are used to conduct operational activities of all technological structures involved in transshipment of petrochemicals from sea transport.

Employee count — 140 people.


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